A document that states in detail the expected cash / bank receipts (cash inflows), cash / bank payments (cash outflows) and estimated bank balance, usually on a month by month basis over a period of 6 to 12 months. It takes into account the timing of payments and receipts, which is absolutely essential for the effective management of cash. They enable a business to: assess its solvency or liquidity position ie ability to meet debts as they fall due; identify any imminent cash-flow problems, and make and implement timely decisions to overcome a potential cash shortage. This might, for example, take the form of arranging or increasing a bank overdraft, delaying or cutting planned expenditure, or seeking more credit from suppliers.