Concern consideration of people’s needs rather than the job or work being done. Human relations theorists regarded organisations as social environments and analysed how this environment could be altered to accommodate the needs of individuals and groups. They attempt to measure: individual needs, how groups work together, and the effect of different forms of supervision on employees’ motivation and performance. Human Relations theories include the work of Elton Mayo, Abraham Maslow, Douglas McGregor, and Frederick Herzberg.